Nile, river of history

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What do you know about the Nile River, which was listed as one of the Seven Wonders of the African Continent in February 2013? 

Did you know that this river is 6650 km long and passes through 10 African countries and is considered to be the tallest river in the world?

Introduction to the Nile River:

The river originates in Uganda and passes through Ethiopia, Sudan, South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda and Burundi and flows into Egypt, from where it flows into the Mediterranean Sea. But this river itself is the result of the confluence of the two rivers, the White Nile and the Blue Nile in Khartoum. 

 The White Nile begins near Lake Victoria and continues on its way through steep valleys and mountainous landscapes in tropical Africa. The Blue Nile, which originates from Lake Tana, carries more water with it and flows as fast as the White Nile. But how are the names of these rivers chosen? The blue Nile starts from a blue stream and darkens along its path due to the transport of sediments, and the white Nile has taken this name by carrying grayish-white sediments. It is interesting to know that all the countries we have mentioned are all dry and desert, and the Nile River has created cities and civilizations. 

Herodotus' interesting theories about the Nile:

To know this, we must go back to the past; A place in the Nile Delta region that overflowed in the spring of the Nile River for many years. These revolts were not natural to the Egyptians and aroused their curiosity so much that years later in the 5th century a man named Herodotus (Greek historian) decided to investigate these revolts. So he started asking the people of this land and after recording their answers, he went to the Egyptian thinkers to continue his research.

After completing his research, he came up with three theories:

 • Strong wind that causes water not to travel its way and get out of its way.

 • The Nile moves like the oceans

 • Melting snow

 This theory was highly regarded by Herodotus and seemed logical, but not to the Nile, which was at its hottest point. He recorded and examined his theories in the book of Chronicles.

It is interesting to know that the Egyptians also learned the science of practical geometry by setting up agricultural lands along this river. How? In this way, with the flooding of this river in the spring, the borders that people defined for their lands were destroyed, and when the lands came out of the water, there were no more borders, so the people decided to determine the length and width of their lands. To take the first steps for practical geometry.

Nile Wildlife 

If you think that only crocodiles form the Nile Wildlife, you are wrong. Although the Nile crocodile is one of the largest species in Africa, measuring more than 6 meters in length, it is also home to a variety of aquatic animals and species such as hippos, Elephants and buffaloes.

The name of this river is derived from a Greek word neilos to the extent that Egypt owes its greatest civilization to this river. The waterway of this river is a very good source as drinking water and papyrus reeds and is one of the most used cases of papyrus as paper. 

By closing the dam called Aswan on the Nile River near the border between Egypt and Sudan, in addition to the formation of the artificial lake Nasser, electricity is supplied to most parts of Egypt from this dam. 

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Well friends, I hope you like this article and enjoy the knowledge of this fascinating river.🖤💛

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