Social festival of Bangladesh (part-2)

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3 years ago


Christians celebrate Christmas, their biggest religious holiday, on December 25 every year. In western countries this day is known as 'Christmas Day'. Rejoicing and celebration on the occasion of the birth of Jesus Christ is the main theme of the whole event.

*Baishakhi Festival:

Bengali New Year and Baishakhi Mela are the biggest social festivals carrying the cultural heritage of Bangladesh and Bengali nation. Every year on the 1st of Baishakh, the Baishakhi festival is celebrated with great pomp and ceremony. Leaving behind the sorrows and pains of the whole year, 1st Baishakh brings a new message. This festival is the oldest tradition of Bangladesh. By celebrating the day, Bengalis try to retain their ancient traditions and cultural flows. New Year's account was introduced on this day through 'Halkhata' ceremony. The Baishakhi festival is the greatest of all public festivals.

*Nabanna and Pitha Festival:

Nabanna festival is celebrated in the month of Agrahayan in Bangladesh. Nabanna is basically a festival to express the joy of the farmers. Everyone rejoiced at the joy of bringing new grain home. Then comes the occasion of Poush-Parvan or Pitha festival. This festival is still associated with the rural society of Bangladesh as a messenger of joy. The traditional kite festival is also held in connection with Poush.

*Independence and Victory Day Celebrations:

Bangladesh is the fruit of a bloody war that lasted for nine months. The golden boys of this country started the war for independence on March 26, 1971 against Pakistan. On December 16 of the same year, they gave the world an independent state called Bangladesh through a heroic victory. These two days carry immense significance in the life of Bangladeshis. Therefore, the great Independence Day was celebrated on 26th March and the great Victory Day on 16th December.

*Celebration of International Mother Language Day:

Bangladesh is the only country in the history of the world where people were martyred for their language movement. The Bengali language was established on 21 February 1952 through a massive movement under the slogan 'I want Bangla as the state language'. International Mother Language Day is celebrated every year to commemorate the love shown by the brave sons of Bengal for the Bengali language by sacrificing their lives. On the occasion of this day, a month-long Ekushey Book Fair was organized at Bangla Academy. Moreover, the people of Bangladesh celebrate this International Day with great pomp and ceremony through various cultural events.

*Vaisabi Festival:

Vaisabi is the most important and big festival of the small ethnic groups living in the Chittagong Hill Tracts region of Bangladesh. The festival is named 'Vaisabi' after the first letters of the three major ethnic groups of Tripura, Marma and Chakmas. Vaisavi is a combination of Vaishnu of Tripura, Sangrai of Marmas and Biju festival of Chakmas. This festival continues for a total of three days every year from the day before the Bengali New Year till the next day. Through this festival, they organize New Year farewell and New Year celebrations at the same time.

Family festivals: People of Bangladesh celebrate different types of family festivals. After the birth of a child, Akika rituals, circumcision, etc. are the traditional images of Bengali society. Marriage is the biggest family celebration. The marriage ceremony is officially concluded by handing over the bride to the bridegroom. Many families also celebrate birth anniversaries, marriage anniversaries and death anniversaries every year.

*Significance of social festivities:

Entertainment is an essential element of human life. People's minds are thrilled in a pleasant environment through entertainment. Mentally, they always get a chance to stay fresh and lively. And the most important source of healthy human entertainment is social festivals. In the formality of the festival, people forget their sorrows and rejoice. Festivals are basically a joyful expression of people's social consciousness. It is not possible for everyone in the society to get together without festivals. There is no substitute for social festivities to create beautiful relationships between people. Therefore, the significance of the festival in human life is deep and wide.

The flow of various festivals in Bangladesh is continuous from the past to the present. The Bengali festival of insanity will continue in the future as well. The festival has become a symbol of unity and harmony of the people of Bangladesh irrespective of party affiliation and religion. Social festivals are a source of pure joy, the sense of brotherhood in Bengali nationalism is very strong for social festivals.

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Avatar for Adity.Saha
3 years ago