Natural resources of Bangladesh (part-2)

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*Hard rock:

Hard rock has been found in Ranipukur and Shampur of Rangpur district and Madhyapara of Dinajpur district. The annual demand for solid rock in the country is about 60-70 lakh metric tons. The total amount of solid rock produced till 2012 is only 16.11 lakh metric tons.

*Silica sand:

Silica sand has been found in Nayapara, Chhatiani, Shahji Bazar and Kulaura of Sylhet, Dohazari of Chittagong, Balijhuri of Jamalpur etc. Bangladesh produces about 160,000 square feet of silica sand annually.

*Uranium and Sulfur:

Uranium has been found in the Kulaura hills of Moulvibazar. The only sulfur mine in Bangladesh is located at Kutubdia in Chittagong.

*Fisheries Resources:

Fisheries are a significant natural resource of Bangladesh. Bangladesh is called a riverine country. There are innumerable rivers, canals, beels and haors in this country. And all these reservoirs have a lot of fish. In addition, a lot of fish are found in the salt water of the marine region of Bangladesh. At present shrimp farming is being done in a planned way in Bangladesh. The prospects for shrimp are expected to be much brighter in the future. Hilsa, Rui, Katla, Magur, Boal, Carrot, Shoal, Putti, Shing, Shrimp, Pabda, Tengra etc. are the fishery resources of Bangladesh. The coastal region of this country is famous for fish like Vhetki, Rupchanda, Laksha, Churi, Coral, Lobster etc. Fisheries play an important role in earning foreign exchange. Quality frozen shrimp and fish products are being exported from Bangladesh to the United States, United Kingdom, Japan, France, Hong Kong, Singapore and other countries.

*Animal resources:

Animal resources are one of the natural resources of Bangladesh. Animal resources can be divided into two parts. Namely- (1) Wild animals and (2) Domestic animals. Wild animals include elephants, tigers, deer, leopards, wild cats, foxes, monkeys, reptiles and a variety of birds. Among the domestic animals, cows, goats, sheep, horses, ducks, chickens, etc. are notable. Meat, milk, eggs, skin, etc. are notable among the animal products found by keeping these animals.

*Forest resources:

The lands which are generally covered with innumerable trees such as small, medium and large are called forest lands. Again, the resources obtained from the forest are called forest resources. A country needs 25% forest cover to maintain its ecological balance. According to the 2013 Economic Survey, the total forest cover of our country is 17.06%. Bangladesh's forest resources play an important role in maintaining the country's ecological balance as well as the country's economy. Based on the characteristics of climate, soil and vegetation, the forest resources of Bangladesh can be divided into 3 parts.

1. Tropical evergreen forest.

2. Tropical deciduous tree forest.

3. Current forest or Sundarbans.

*Water Resources:

There are many rivers, canals, beels, haors, ponds, ditches and reservoirs in this country. The major rivers of the country are Padma, Meghna, Jamuna, Brahmaputra, Dhaleshwari, Karnafuli and Madhumati. All these rivers make the land of Bangladesh fertile. The Kaptai Hydropower Station was established in 1982 on the Karnafuli River. It started operations in 1985. The generating capacity of Kaptai Hydropower Station is 230 MW. Besides, the amount of irrigated land in 2011-12 was 65.15 lakh hectares.

*Solar energy:

The sun is the main source of heat and energy in the atmosphere. The sun is constantly emitting a lot of emissions. But very few come into the world. 99.98 percent of the total energy in the atmosphere comes from the sun. The atmosphere receives energy from the sun as thermal energy or kinetic energy. Solar energy is the energy that the earth receives in the form of small waves through radiation from the sun. The first solar power project in Bangladesh was launched at Karimpur and Nazarpur in Narsingdi district. The largest solar power plant in Bangladesh is located at Sandwip in Chittagong.

Natural resources can be said to be the key to a country's development and national prosperity. Bangladesh is a small country. The amount of natural resources available in this country is not less than the need. But our natural resources are not being used properly. Therefore, in order to improve the country, the use of natural resources must be ensured from now on. The government also needs to be more proactive in this regard.

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