Antiquities of Bangladesh (part-2)

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*Antiquities of Mahasthangarh:

Mahasthangarh is located on the banks of the famous Karotoya river in the history of Bogra district. It is 20/25 hands high from the flat ground. In ancient times, Bogra belonged to the Pundra kingdom. And Poundravardhana was the provincial capital of Pundranagar. Parashuram was the king of Paundravardhana. Hazrat Shah Sultan Ibrahim Balkhi Mahiswar (ra) came here in the year 440 AH for the purpose of propagating Islam. During the preaching of Islam, King Parashuram and his sister Sheila Devi fought with him. Parashuram was killed in the battle and his sister Shiladevi escaped through the back door of the temple and committed suicide by jumping into the Karotoya river. From then on, that place on the river Karotoya was called Shiladevi Ghat and it is considered as a holy place of pilgrimage for Hindus. Apart from this, there are ruins of Gokul's Mad, Behula Sundari and Lakhinder's Basar Ghar, Kalidah, Sagar and Basobnia Saudagar's houses in the west, Ujan-Vitaly Nagar etc. in the west.


Mainamati is one of the most important archeological sites in the south-eastern part of Bangladesh, a short distance from the town of Comilla. It is said that the place was named after Mainamati, the wife of King Manik Chandra. This huge pilgrimage site of Buddhist civilization was built around Lalmai hill. Built in the 7th to 11th centuries, this antiquity was once a place of pilgrimage for Buddhists who came from far and wide. Archaeological excavations in the Lalmai-Mainamati area have uncovered the remains of several Buddhist monasteries. Among these Shalban Bihar, Bhoj Bihar, Ananda Bihar are notable. The fame of the kings of Kharag, Dev, Chandra dynasty has added a new dimension to our history. The copperplate mentions that the capital of the kings of the Deva dynasty, Devparbat, is located on this Lalmai hill. Moreover, the famous Kotilya Mura and Ananda Rajar Dighi are located in Mainamati of Comilla. Mainamati can be called a museum of archeological monuments. This place has enriched and clarified the history of Bengal by adding many new facts.

*Lalbagh Fort:

Lalbagh Fort, one of the most popular antiquities in Bengal. Its former name was Aurangabad Fort. It is located in the south-west of old Dhaka, on the banks of the river Buriganga. Prince Muhammad Azam, the third son of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, started the construction of Lalbaghkella in 16 AD. He was then employed as a subaddar of Bengal under the Mughal Empire. His dream was to turn it into a famous Mughal monument of Bengal. But the work of building the fort remained incomplete when Emperor Aurangzeb summoned him to cooperate in the battle of Madras. Later Shaista Khan became the subaddar of Bengal and in fact the work of this fort started again. After the death of Shaista Khan's daughter Pari Bibi in 164, the fort was declared as evil and the construction of the fort was completed. The fort has three buildings, two entrances and an unfinished fort. Inside the fort is the tomb of Pari Bibi, Diwani-Alam and Hammamkhana on the east and a mosque on the west. Moreover there is a dighi and water fountain. The room where the tomb of the fairy Bibi is located has eight rooms around it and the entire inner walls of the tomb are covered with white marble. However, an unidentified identity remains in the south-east corner of the small tomb building. Various myths surround this cemetery. Many say that the fairy Bibi was the wife of Subaddar Muhammad Azam.

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