LETS KNOW THE AMAZON RIVER, THE SECOND LARGEST RIVER IN THE WORLD
The Amazon River is the second largest river in the world, which flows through the Amazon rainforest and has the richest biological reserve in the world. The Amazon is known as one of the most mysterious places in the world and almost everyone has heard of the Amazon River, one of the largest rivers in the world that flows through the Amazon rainforest. It can be said that a trip to the Amazon forest and river is a luxury and expensive trip for adventurous and risky tourists. The length of the Amazon River is equivalent to the distance from New York City to Rome.
GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE AMAZON RIVER
The Amazon River is located in South America and is the most water-rich river in the world. With a length of 6,575 meters, the Amazon River is the second longest river in the world after the Nile. The largest catchment area of Denba with an area of 7050,000 square meters belongs to this river. The Amazon River originates in the Andes and flows through Brazil, Peru, Ecuador, Guerrero, Colombia, Venezuela, Bolivia, and Suriname and flows into the Atlantic Ocean. Of course, 60% of the Amazon area is located in Brazil. The nature and animals of the Amazon region are vast and diverse, with about 1294 birds, 378 reptiles, 472 amphibians and 3,000 fish identified in the region.
The water temperature of the Amazon River in Peru is so high that it can boil low-weight creatures. The most important tourist attraction of the Amazon River are the pink dolphins, known locally as Bhutto. There are only a few cable-stayed bridges over the Amazon River, and no bridge structures have been built over the Amazon. The water level of the Amazon River at the mouth of the river is 4 times that of the Congo and more than 10 times that of the Mississippi River, and up to 160 km, it dilutes the salinity of the ocean. More than two-thirds of the Amazon Basin is covered with rainforests, which are divided into arid and savannah forests on the northern and southern margins, and the Andes Mountains on the west.
The Amazon region is the world's largest source of biological reserves. Seasonal fluctuations in the Amazon River sometimes reach up to 15 meters. Below the Amazon River, there is another river 4 km underground that is thought to be 4 times the width of the Amazon River. 15 million years ago, before the formation of the Andes Mountains, the river flowed in the opposite direction today and flowed to the shores of the Pacific Ocean in South America, but with the formation of the Andes Mountains dried up about 5 million years and once again found its way to It opened in the opposite direction to the Atlantic Ocean.
THE SOURCE OF THE AMAZON RIVER
The Apurimac River in Nevada-Mismi was originally thought to be the source of the Amazon River, but a 2014 study found that the Cordillera Rumi Cruz and Mantaro rivers in Peru are the source of the Amazon River. The Mantaro and Apurimac rivers, along with some tributaries of the Ucayali River that join the Manion River upstream of Iquitos in Peru, form the mainstream of the Amazon River. This part of the Amazon River is known as the Solimoes Basin, which flows upstream to the Rio Negro River. The Amazon River, with its 240 km wide and 60 m deep tributary, is classified as a low-turbidity river. It is true that the Amazon River originates from the Andes, but the river passes through flat land that is not very high above sea level, so the speed of water movement in the river is low. The height of the Amazon River decreases from the sea level at the end of the route by about 40 meters.
The Amazon has a hot, humid and rainy climate. The length of day and night are equal in the equatorial region but have a significant temperature difference. Amazon nights are as cold as winter in the region. The average daytime temperature in Manaus is around 32 degrees Celsius in September and 24 degrees Celsius in April, but the humidity is high and annoying all year round. In winter, in the southern hemisphere, the polar air mass is directed north of the Amazon and drastically reduces the temperature. Half of the Amazon rainfall comes from the Atlantic Ocean and the other half from the sweating and evaporation of tropical forests and convective storms. Annual rainfall in the lowlands of the Amazon is between 1500-3000 ml. Numerous rains usually occur on the eastern and northwestern banks of the river basin, but in the central part we have a period of drought from June to November. In 2005, drought in the area and no rain for 60 days led to the drying up of parts of the river and the death of millions of fish.
DIVERSE PLANT SPECIES OF THE AMAZON RIVER
The Amazon River is known for the tropical rainforests or Selva that cover the river basin. The diversity of different and strange plant species around the Amazon is so great that it can be said that about 100 different species of trees have grown in just one hectare, some of which have only been seen once. The height of the Amazon trees is 40-60 meters and the thick trunks of some trees are covered with mushrooms and lichens. In addition to trees, various plant species are found in the Amazon region, including orchids, cactus, pineapples, ferns, and mosses that are connected by a network of climbing plants or lianas.
ECONOMIC RESOURCES IN THE AMAZON
Farmers around the Amazon typically grow rice, cassava, corn, jute, palm, cocoa, coffee and black pepper. The development of pastures, ranches and farms are important factors in deforestation in the region. The wood of some Amazon tree species is used to make perfumes and medicines, but the rubber tree, known as the rubber tree, is one of the main reasons for exploiting the Amazon rainforest. Exploitation of Amazon mines has caused the most damage to the region's ecosystem. The Amazon region has one of the richest iron ore reserves in the world. Other mines in the area include gold, copper, nickel, manganese, tin and bauxite. Iron ore smelting and mining required the clearing of thousands of acres of Amazon rainforest, and the mercury used to extract gold polluted the river, killing many of the river's fish, which were the main source of food for the natives.
In the end lets check some image of animals there:
Hope you enjoy😊😊😊💛💛💛
wow man really informative article there...loved it..thanks for sharing...also, you gave me a strange feeling to visit amazon someday lol.. I can't afford it rn though