It occurred to me to pour out what had recently crossed my mind regarding the natural needs of humans. Maybe this theory is similar to Abraham Maslow Hierarchy of Needs, one of the figures in Humanist Psychology that I admire. Where is Abraham Maslow theory of needs in the form of a hierarchy, we know that the first is physiological needs, then security needs, love needs (a sense of belonging), self-esteem needs, and the last is self-actualization.
Here I want to express the thoughts that I feel like I want to get out of my head and put them in writing. It's a natural human need that I associate with human development from birth. Human natural needs are divided into 4, which, like Maslow's theory, are hierarchical. The first is a physiological need, the second is a moral need, the third is a rational need, and the fourth is a spiritual need.
Physiological needs are the first needs humans need at birth. It is no secret that humans under the age of one year will cry if their physiological needs are not met such as hunger, thirst, sleepiness, wanting to defecate. At this stage, human needs are in the stomach-down position.
The need for love (morality), is almost the same as Abraham Maslow's definition of belonging and belonging. This need also requires satisfaction on morality which can be fulfilled by good deeds for others and vice versa. After the human age reaches one year, the baby begins to grow his love and hopes to get a return from the love he grows. This baby's love grows in people who fulfil their physiological needs, the majority of which are parents. So it is at this stage that an attachment emerges between the child and the parent. At this stage, human needs are in the chest (heart) position.
The need for rationality is the need for the human soul to begin to find out what is going on and why he is trapped in this body unconsciously. This need begins to emerge when humans start to turn three years old, no wonder at this age children will very often ask questions to answer their rationality needs. This need will arise when the need for love has been met, then children whose love needs are not met tend to be quiet and do not ask many questions when entering the age of three. At this stage, human needs are at the head.
The need for spirituality is an essential human need, this need is what all humans must seek in the form of their approach to God. I still don't know much about this, because, from some of the literature I read, the fulfilment of spiritual needs cannot be explained in words. No human language can describe the satisfaction of this need. At this stage, human needs are in the position of the soul.
Perhaps the physiological needs and the need for love (morality) are quite common in the general public, there have been many campaigns that advocate for children to be given adequate nutrition for physiological needs and campaigns for parents to provide quality time to play with children who have also been heard, although many parents continue to pursue a career for the sake of the child's future, even though it would be nice if the foundation of the child's future was built as early as possible by fulfilling the child's love needs, not just physiological.
The need for rationality is still very rarely heard. I believe that all children whose physiological needs and love (morality) needs are met are intelligent children, but being fooled by their environment is carried out at the stage where children start looking for rationality needs. In Jonstein Gardner philosophical novel entitled "Sophie's World" there is a sentence that says that young children are the best philosophers because they always question little things very philosophically. Absolute dogmatic answers make children don't want to think about asking philosophical questions anymore. Sometimes when children question philosophical things, their environment answers with very unsatisfactory answers such as "all because of God, all God's will, etc".
Answers like this make the child not dig the questions in him anymore and eventually things like this carry over into adulthood. It's no wonder that many adults today don't care about small and philosophical things, they become pragmatic humans who do something to meet practical and instant needs. There are so many examples of adults who are no longer willing to question or seek meaning from every detail of life, I think we all know its implementation in everyday life so I don't think it is necessary to give examples anymore.
Philosophy is a smart way to meet needs that are no longer ignored today, the need for rationality has been buried deep by a sea of technology that spoils humans and makes everything more instantaneous, even though in this information age everything that is needed must be instant and practical. I think that not optimizing rational needs if I don't want to say forgetting, is a form of human gratitude towards God because reason or rational power is one of the best gifts given by God to humans so that our degree in the stories of heavenly religions is above all God's creatures. another. Intellect, this instrument is what makes humans at a higher level than angels made of light and demons made of fire, even because of this reason God ordered all of His creation to prostrate to humans (Adam).
In this little article, I only emphasize the aspect of rationality needs because this need can be achieved with the results of one's efforts, in contrast to spiritual needs which can only be achieved with the help of a spiritual teacher. With this article, let's absorb one of the needs that are often forgotten today, let's optimize this most beautiful gift of God so that we are not among those who abuse God's blessings.