On the 45th death anniversary of the father of the nation, the great leader of the Bengalis, the best Bengali of the millennium, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, everyone is remembering his great soul with humble reverence.
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was the first President of Bangladesh and the main hero of the Bengali War of Independence. He was killed along with his family on this day in 1975, i.e. on 15th August, at the hands of some insidious, anti-liberation war brokers of Pakistani aggressors.
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was born on 17 March 1920 in Tungipara village of Gopalganj sub-division (then) of Faridpur district. His father Sheikh Lutfar Rahman was the Serestadar of Gopalganj Civil Court. Mujib was the third of six siblings. He received his primary education at the local Gimadanga school. He passed Matriculation from Gopalganj Missionary School in 1942, IA from Islamia College, Calcutta in 1944 and BA from the same college in 1947.
Mujib developed leadership qualities from his school days. When he was a student of Gopalganj Missionary School, the then Chief Minister of Bengal AK Fazlul Haque visited the school (1939). It is learned that young Mujib organized the protest to draw the attention of the Chief Minister to the underdeveloped condition of the region. After matriculation, Mujib went to Calcutta and was admitted to Islamia College. From there he passed IA and BA.
In 1948 he was elected general secretary of the Islamia College Students' Parliament. He was an active member of the Bengal Provincial Muslim League and a member of the All India Muslim League Council since 1943. In politics he was H. A devoted follower of S. Suhrawardy. In the general election of 1947, the Muslim League entrusted Sheikh Mujib with the responsibility of campaigning for the party candidates in Faridpur district.
After the partition of India (1947), he was admitted to Dhaka University to study law. However, he could not finish his studies. He was expelled from the university in early 1949 for inciting the fourth-class employees to protest against the indifference of the university authorities to their just demands.
Sheikh Mujib was a young student leader in the early stages of East Pakistani politics after the partition of India in 1947. He later became the president of the Awami League founded by Maulana Abdul Hamid Khan Bhasani. As an advocate of socialism, he formed a movement against all forms of discrimination against the people of East Pakistan at that time. He played an important role in the mother tongue movement of 1952, even though he was in prison at that time. He was one of the first prisoners of the language movement.He later proposed a six-point plan of autonomy in 1966 to establish the rights of the people, which was considered a separatist plan in West Pakistan. The six-point demand was also referred to as the 'Certificate of Liberation' of the Bengali nation. The main of the six-point demands was the increased provincial autonomy which made him one of the opponents of Ayub Khan's military rule.
He was later imprisoned again. After his release, he was conferred the title of 'Bangabandhu' at a public reception at Ramna Racecourse on 23 February 1969. Later, in the Pakistan Constituent Assembly elections of 1970, the Awami League under his leadership won 16 out of 189 seats (including 8 reserved women's seats) and won by a landslide. However, he was not given a chance to form a government. At this time he saw the arbitrariness of the government of Pakistan and felt the need for the independence of the Bengalis.
For this he called for a non-cooperation movement (March 2-25, 1971) and tried to unite the entire nation. Then on March 7, 1971, in response to Bangabandhu's call, the crowd rushed to the racecourse ground and he delivered a historic speech on March 7 to a huge gathering of about one million people which will mark a turning point in the history of the Bengali nation. The main theme of his speech was 'This time the struggle is for our liberation, this time the struggle is for freedom', through which he indirectly declared the independence of Bengalis.
After that there were various meetings with the government of Pakistan and various movements for the release of Bengalis. Against this backdrop, the conspiratorial Pakistan Army in the name of Operation Searchlight massacred students, teachers and innocent people at various places including Dhaka University at midnight on March 25 and arrested Bangabandhu from his residence No. 32 in Dhanmondi.
But before his arrest, on the night of March 25, i.e. in the early hours of March 26, he declared the independence of the Bengalis and the struggle for the liberation of the Bengalis began. After 9 months of bloody war, Bangladesh gained independence on 16 December 1971 in exchange for the blood of 3 million people and the honor of 2 lakh mothers and sisters.
After his release from prison on January 10, 1972, he returned to his homeland in the guise of a victor and began work to rebuild the country. Subsequently, elections were held in independent Bangladesh on March 7, 1973, where 141 countries recognized Bangladesh.
Sadly, Bangabandhu could not complete his golden Bengal for a long time. In independent Bangladesh, he made a lot of progress in just three and a half years. In the meantime, some anti-independence, power-hungry, Pakistani bastards plotted to assassinate Bangabandhu and on August 15, 1975, brutally killed him and all his family members present there.
Therefore, this day is a day of sorrow as well as a stigma for the Bengali nation. This is the day to lose the father of our nation. If he were alive today, Bangladesh might be a hundred years ahead of its present state. Although Bangabandhu's eldest daughter, the present deserving Prime Minister of Bangladesh, Sheikh Hasina, the leader of the people, has always been working to build a golden Bengal by cherishing the ideals of her father.
At the same time, the present government led by Sheikh Hasina has been able to remove the stigma of the Bengalis through a fair trial of the killers of Bangabandhu. Yet the loss of losing Bangabandhu is irreparable. He was the best Bengali of the millennium, our beloved great leader, a great personality. We have not been able to properly protect the freedom achieved under his leadership. That is why even today in all parts of our country, the razakars with anti-independence ideology continue to unjustly oppress the common people.
Yet people live with hope. So, on this day of loss, everyone should take the great ideal of that great man as their path of remembrance and should respectfully remember him and all the members of his family who were killed on 15th August. At the same time, the worthy daughter of Bangabandhu, under the leadership of honorable prime minister Sheikh Hasina, should take an oath to work for the construction of Sonar Bangla with the great vow of serving mankind.