The World Health Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations. The organization works for international public health. It is part of the United Nations Sustainable Development Group. The constitution of the World Health Organization establishes the governing or administrative structure and policies of the organization. Its main purpose is to "ensure the health of all possible people".It is located in Geneva, Switzerland. It is headquartered with six semi-autonomous regional offices and 160 land offices worldwide.
It was established on April 6, 1948. This date is celebrated as World Health Day. The first meeting of the World Health Council was held on July 24, 1948. The WHO incorporated the assets, personnel, and duties of the League of Nations' Health Organization and the Office. International d'Hygiène Publique, including the International Classification of Diseases. Its work began in earnest in 1951 following a significant infusion of financial and technical resources.
The World Health Organization's broad work includes advising on universal health care. Monitoring public health risks, coordinating response to health emergencies and promoting human health and wellness. It provides technical assistance to countries, sets international health standards and guidelines, and collects data on global health through the World Health Survey. Data Main Publications World Health Report provides expert assessments of global health issues and health statistics for all nations. It also serves as a summit and discussion forum on health.
This organization has played a leading role in various public health successes. Notable among these are the eradication of smallpox, polio eradication, and a development Ebola vaccine. Its current priorities include infectious diseases, particularly HIV / AIDS, Ebola, malaria and tuberculosis; Non-communicable diseases such as heart disease and cancer; Healthy food, nutrition and food security; Occupational health; And substance abuse.
The World Health Organization serves as the agency's highest decision-making body, comprising representatives of the 194-member state. It selects an executive board of 34 health experts and advises them. Its annual conference is responsible for selecting the Director General, setting goals and priorities, and approving the WHO budget and activities. Its current director general is Tedros Adhanom. He is a former health minister and Ethiopian foreign minister.
Funding from the World Health Organization depends on evaluation and voluntary contributions from member countries and private donors. As of 2018, its budget is 4.2 billion. Most of which comes from voluntary contributions from member countries.
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