From time immemorial, the way people live their daily lives, the creative artistic form of that way of life is what people enjoy as their culture. So culture in society is not an outward show; It is an integral part of the creative historical form of the way of life of the people of a society.
Through this part of society, the historical heritage of the people concerned survives, flows, and is constantly enriched. So the definition of the subject of culture is not confined to any narrowness but is very broad. Basically a nation's history, language, sovereignty, thought, art, literature and all that is creative belong to culture.
Every nation in our world has its own culture and cultural heritage. The cultural heritage of a nation saves the nation from the clutches of self-forgetfulness by composing a link between history and the present. As a result, people learn to be proud of their historical lifestyle and cultural history.
The nature of culture:
We can simply call culture culture. The word "cultivation" means to cultivate or cultivate. The English form of this word culture is "Culture". The term was first used in English literature by Francis Bacon in the late sixteenth century. There are no specific features or boundaries for culture identification.
Sociologist Jones says that "culture is the overall form of what man creates." According to anthropologist E.B. Tylor, "culture is a complex assembly of behaviors, practices, knowledge, beliefs, arts, principles, laws, etc., acquired as members of society."
Culture in human life:
Culture is the mainstream of flowing human life. Every country and nation wants to present the uniqueness and important features of their way of life to the court of the whole world through this culture. With this upliftment, the nationalism of a nation is formed, respect and pride for its history is created. The full development of the cultural life of every human being in this world is very much needed.
Every human being wants to reveal the infinite potential hidden within himself. Only through the full development of human cultural life is it possible for self-expression to take place. With the help of culture, every nation tries to fully blossom its glorious form.
Bengali and Culture:
As mentioned earlier, the culture of each nation in the world is present in its own glory. Bengali is no exception. The Indian subcontinent is one of the oldest civilizations on earth. The older a civilization is, the richer its heritage and culture.
East of India, Bengal is also a witness to this great traditional culture of the subcontinent and one of the major organs. Bengal is one of the sweetest parts of the Indian subcontinent. Like the topography of this part of India, the culture here is diverse and even sweeter.
From that ancient time, the culture of Bengal has been flowing in its own flow, accompanying the great history and tradition of India. Its culture seems to be different, perhaps or most diverse, from all over India. The Bengalis living here are well known in the whole subcontinent for the glory of their unique culture.
As mentioned earlier, Bengali culture is very diverse, and even within the whole of united India, it is different from all others in the glory of its uniqueness. In order to understand the nature of the culture here, at different times of the modern era, from various types of research to the practice of history, the practice of cultural heritage, etc., there has been a trend of discussion on cognitive issues. After a long research and study of the culture of Bengal. Wakil Ahmed has basically divided it into three parts.
(A) The culture of the cities and towns of Bengal:
The mechanical life of the people of the city is enclosed in four walls of brick wood stone. Which in a word is nothing less than an iron cage. However, in this city life, everything from western and foreign has less influence. Moreover, since the city is a meeting place for people from all regions, a mixed culture has developed here in the fusion of different cultures.
(B) Folk culture of Bengal:
In a word, we can call folk culture the culture of rural Bengal. This culture does not change easily. The influence of foreign, western and urban culture is rarely felt here. From that distant past, the people of rural Bengal have been carrying on the flow of this culture through their daily life.
(C) Primitive culture:
This culture is the culture of the small ethnic groups living in Bengal. This kind of culture is permanent and unchangeable. Their relationship with the outside world is very rare. They are accustomed and respectful of their own customs, rituals, religious beliefs and way of life. They usually make a living by farming, hunting and collecting fruits. Due to the lack of acceptance and exclusion and the lack of anagona and transactions, the cultural development and expansion of small ethnic groups has almost stopped.
Cultural Heritage of Bengal:
Cultural life has developed here in harmony with the natural and social life of Bengal. Bengal is the meeting place of all people irrespective of race, religion and caste including Hindus, Muslims, Buddhists and Christians. Here everyone celebrates their social and religious rituals in unison.
They shared joy with each other. Be sympathetic to each other's grief. Others join in one's festivities and ceremonies. The people here are naturally hospitable to the glory of their heritage. Bengal's hospitality is well-known throughout the subcontinent.
Culture of rural Bengal:
It is said that the real introduction of Bengali culture took place through the festivals of rural Bengal. The main cultural traditions of the villages of Bengal include folklore, music, seasonal festivals, various archeological monuments, sports, various social customs, etc. Moreover, rural poets and writers have created folk literature by maintaining faith in God and religious harmony in the unique rural culture of rural Bengal.
Folk literature includes rhymes, lyric poems, riddles, vows, legends, fairy tales, proverbs, sayings, etc. Rural music includes folk songs like Bhatiali, Bhavaya, Jari, Marfati, Palagan etc. From that distant past, the people of the rural society of Bengal have made these folk songs an integral part of their way of life.
Among the rural festivals and Bengali amazement are Bengali New Year, Nabanna festival, winter pitha-puli festival etc. Cultures like standing in rural sports, gollachut, ha-du-du, boating are immersed in the womb of tomorrow. But, the joint family practice, social bonds are slowly disappearing. However, peace-loving people are trying to establish peace through unity and mutual cooperation through the observance of social culture.
Urban culture of Bengal:
Even if it is said that the true form of Bengal is captured in the culture of rural Bengal, the urban culture of Bengal cannot be neglected or neglected in any way. Although there is a foreign or mixed influence in the urban culture of Bengal, this culture is also glorious in its own way. The cities of Bengal are the seat of modern knowledge. New types of thinking, art, creativity predominate in these cities.
The culture of the society is enriched by embracing the new while retaining the tradition. All these cities in the heart of Bengal, modern poetry, music, language, literature, art, etc., predominate in the knowledge culture. Besides, Durgapujo in Bengal, especially in Kolkata, is famous all over the world. Apart from Durga Puja, the Bengali urban Bengalis celebrate their culture in various festivals.
Due to various reasons, at present the massive decline of the culture of Bengal and the whole world, especially of the cities, is clearly visible. Krishti has lost its creative essence and is evolving into a narrow glamorous presentation. As a result, culture is being transformed into subculture. And its ill effects have slowly engulfed the entire nation. Morality is being removed from the common thoughts and education of the people and people are becoming slaves of reason.
Preserving the traditional culture in this age of modern materialistic civilization is no less than a great challenge. It is especially difficult to rehabilitate people on the basis of their culture, especially at a time when there is a deafening noise in the name of music, irrelevant stories in the name of art and acting, and the display of free sex only for entertainment.
Ways to cure erosion:
In today's age of globalization, as inhabitants of the same world, we have to preserve our own characteristics, unique existence and culture from within the world empire. And we have a lot to do for this. These are:
We have to get out of the colonial mentality and stop blind imitation of foreign western culture.
In the face of foreign culture, domestic culture needs to be made more up-to-date and relevant.
We have to try to accept only the good aspects of foreign culture by eliminating the bad aspects.
We have to spread our indigenous culture and cultural heritage to all corners of the world with the help of modern media.
The foundation of the education system needs to be changed so that people can focus more on self-reflection and self-practice.
Children need to be made aware of their own culture and traditions from an early age.
We need to develop an environment where people have the opportunity to think more freely.
Public-private patronage needs to be further enhanced to protect indigenous culturer
For every nation its culture is one of the most important part of social life. Culture is a direct reflection of society. And the womb of Bengali culture is the social and cultural diversity of Bengal and the gradual flow of history. There is communalism, non-discrimination and the desire to adopt each other. It is important to remember that when the culture of a nation dies, the identity of that nation dies.
Therefore, by eliminating anti-culture as much as possible today, Bengalis should be novices in their culture first and foremost. Only then is it possible to prevent the existence crisis of Bengalis in this world. If the Bengali nation is saved from the culture and social degradation, it will be an example to the whole of India. Through this change in the consciousness of the Bengalis, the overall development of the country will be accelerated.
Culture is very unique for every nation.culture represents a nation. Culture of bengle is very old and exceptional. I am lucky that this is also my culture . Many foreigners came here and they ruled. They tried to change our culture they were little succeeded to change it but they can not change our origin . Even worldwide many nations loves our culture so much.