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Have you ever wondered where could be the hardest to reach places in the world? Mount Everest, Annapurna, Mount K2 … These are the first things that come to mind. The peaks of the world's highest mountains are the most difficult to reach and most importantly the most dangerous places on earth. The climbs to these heights are actually an indication that there is no place left in the world, and that human beings can achieve even the most difficult. However, although it is magnificent and passionate to reach the summit of these mountains, there is also a sad side because many mountaineers lost their lives while climbing these peaks. Well, which are these hard to reach and dangerous mountains, let's examine them together.
Before starting this article, I would like to state that I respectfully and sadly commemorate the mountaineers who lost their lives while trying to climb these high peaks. Hope that the courage and determination they show to achieve the difficult will set an example for all of us.
1. Mount Everest
We say the answer to the question of which is the highest mountain in the world: Everest. Everest, the highest peak of the Himalayan Mountains, the world's largest mountain range, is exactly 8848 meters above sea level and the world's highest mountain. It is thought that the formation of the mountain occurred 2.5 million years ago when the land mass went up when the Indian peninsula and Tibet Plateau approached each other. Climbing to the summit of Everest, which marks the border between China and Nepal, is the dream of anyone interested in mountain climbing. New Zealander Edmund Hillary and Nepalese Tenzing Norgay are the first to realize this dream. They took the first step to the summit on May 29, 1953. If you are dreaming of climbing Everest, I suggest you climb with a guide, reminding that it is a challenging experience.
So is Mount Everest the highest point in the world?
Mount Everest, which is 8,848 meters high when measured from the bottom to the top, is the highest mountain on the world's land. However, Mauna Kea in Hawaii is actually the highest mountain in our world. The real majesty of Mount Mauna Kea, whose height above the ocean is 4207 meters, lies under the Pacific Ocean. The height of the mountain rising from the bottom of the ocean, together with the submerged part, is 10211 meters. This makes Mauna Kea even bigger than Mount Everest, and Mauna Kea is actually the highest place in the world.
2. Mount K2
K2 Mountain, which is the second highest mountain in the world with an altitude of 8,611 meters, ranks 1st in terms of difficulty level, although it is in the 2nd place in height. In fact, it is known by names such as "sacred peak", "mountain of mountains" and "cruel mountain" among mountaineers due to its difficulty. The most important reason why climbing Mount K2 is so challenging is that it is very steep.
As if the steepness of the mountain is not enough to make the climb difficult, it also causes more rocks and avalanches. So much so that one in four people trying to climb this mountain dies. This difficult climb was first performed by Italian Lino Lacedelli and Achille Compagnoni on July 31, 1954. Ali Nasuh Mahruki was the first Turk to climb Mount K2 with his success in 2001.
3. Kangchenjunga Mountain
Stretching between India and Nepal with an altitude of 8,586 meters, Kangchenjunga Mountain is the third highest mountain in the world. Three of the points where you can climb the top of this mountain are in Nepal and one is in India. Like K2 Mountain, Kangchenjunga is a very dangerous and challenging mountain because it is very steep and the wind speed on the mountain varies very unevenly. As such, the formation of avalanches increases and climbing becomes much more difficult.
For 50 years before the first climb to this mountain took place, climbers struggled to reach the top of the mountain, but Joe Brown and George Band were the first to see the summit on May 25, 1955. This difficult climb caused many mountaineers to die. Imagine such a dangerous mountain that only 3 successful climbs were made from the mountain's Indian border climbing point.
4. Mount Lhotse
Located in the Himlayas, Lhotse Mountain is the 4th highest mountain in the world with an altitude of 8,516 meters above sea level. This mountain, which forms the border between Tibet and Khumbu, is quite steep, although it offers an easy climb compared to Everest. Especially the southern part of the mountain is steeper than other routes and climbing is very dangerous. Particular attention should be paid to the ice masses that may fall during the climb. For this reason, those who try to climb from the south side generally have a hard time reaching the summit.
Swiss Fritz Luchsinger and Ernst Reiss climbed the top of this mountain for the first time on May 18, 1956. If you want to climb this mountain, I would like to remind you that at certain altitudes of the mountain, you find pensions, battery charging stations, places where you can meet your food and beverage needs and suitable areas for camping.