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Amazing facts about the Hittites

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Written by   393
6 months ago

The Hittite kingdom can indeed be called a confederation. Eventually, the Hittites left local power in all the conquered and annexed territories with all the rights of independence except foreign policy.

Image source: shorthistory.org

Moreover, this local government had the right to participate in the government of the whole country - it had its representatives in the royal council. A kind of "United States of Asia Minor." In Asia Minor, the Hittites appeared at the beginning of the 2nd millennium BC. Before them, the Hati people lived in this territory. By the way, they gave the name to the aliens.

It's just that all the surrounding peoples continued to call the inhabitants of this area by their familiar name, and the Hittites themselves called themselves "Nezites." Hatti, by the way, are no less mysterious people, and maybe more. They already had a state and even a written language, but everything was so thoroughly destroyed and assimilated by the aliens that we can scarcely learn anything about them. But where do the Hittites come from? During the research, a prayer tablet was found, one of the main prayers: Oh, heavenly sun god, shepherd of all people! You are rising from the sea, celestial Sun! "Well, this doesn't correspond in any capacity to the landscapes typical of the Hittite regions in Asia Minor." And that means that they originally lived somewhere near the sea.

Image source: looklex.com

In principle, this coincides with the two main hypotheses of the Hittite ancestry - they come from the west. , from the Balkans (Black Sea), come from the east (Caspian Sea), but scientists have not yet reached an agreement and these two hypotheses are still working.It is interesting to study geneticists.Of course, there are very few of them - only three samples. However, the results are intriguing. Especially the Y chromosome. In two cases it is J2a, and in the latter G2a, not a very typical set for Indo-Europeans and is more similar to the dominant variants of the peoples of the Middle East and the Armenian mountain coast. Still very interesting is the complete absence of the steppe component, which is very characteristic of most Indo-European peoples and this, by the way, is one of the arguments of the opponents of the steppe hypothesis about the origin of the Indo-Europeans. Three samples, of course, are not enough, but some doubts still arise. Still very interesting is the complete absence of the steppe component, which is very characteristic of most Indo-European peoples and this, by the way, is one of the arguments of the opponents of the steppe hypothesis about the origin of the Indo-Europeans. Three samples, of course, are not enough, but some doubts still arise. Still very interesting is the complete absence of the steppe component, which is very characteristic of most Indo-European peoples and this, by the way, is one of the arguments of the opponents of the steppe hypothesis about the origin of the Indo-Europeans. Three samples, of course, are not enough, but some doubts still arise.

Image source: commons.wikimedia.org

Excavations at Hatusas, the capital of the Hittite kingdom. And the royal council itself and in general a phenomenon for the ancient states is unheard of. We know this from the "constitution" of Tsar Telepinu, which was written in the 16th century. The Hittite king was not an autocratic ruler at all, his rights were severely restricted by the council, and all important decisions were made only after the approval of the council.

Interestingly, the king had no right to arrest, let alone execute a member of this body, even if he opposed it. Such is "parliamentary immunity". However, Hittite law does not provide for the death penalty at all. Incidentally, the king's position was also elective, not hereditary, although this could coincide, but by no means always. Well, gender equality can be traced there in almost everything - in the possession of property, in the right to participate in public administration. The queen, for example, had her own seal and could sign any government document, even without her husband's consent. And so in everything. But not only politics and society. Perhaps the most important thing the Hittites did was to spread iron. They invented it themselves or borrowed it from the peoples of the South Caucasus (which is more likely) is not known for sure, but the promotion is definitely their merit, although they still maintain a monopoly on production and sell iron tools to the insane prices (more expensive than gold) and in limited quantities, but it was they who gave impetus to the transition from the Bronze Age to the Iron Age. And of course horse breeding.

The Hittites are the ones who brought this to the ancient civilizations. It is understandable, the Hittites were Indo-Europeans and it was these tribes that domesticated the horses. This, this is such an amazing and undeservedly forgotten people for hundreds and thousands of years.

Lead image source: nationalgeographic.com.uk

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Written by   393
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Comments

Amazing

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6 months ago

just amazing your concept

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6 months ago

Amaizing Place

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6 months ago

The hittites are amazing indeed are they still exist?

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6 months ago

just amazing

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6 months ago

Thanks for reading👍

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6 months ago

The Hittites are the ones who brought this to the ancient civilizations.just awesome article.

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6 months ago

Exactly, it's one of the ancient civilisations. Thanks for reading my article.👍👍

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6 months ago