The Amazon River is the deepest river in the world and has the largest drainage basin. It is located in South America, and flows through the territory of several countries. Most of its basin is in Brazil, but the Amazon also flows through Colombia and Peru. The length of the Amazon river system is approximately 7 thousand kilometers - one of the largest in the world. Only the Nile River, which has about the same length, can argue with it. But if you look at the high flow of the river and the area of the river basin, then not a single river in the world can compare with the Amazon. The Amazon basin is 7.18 million km2, significantly larger than the catchments of other rivers. The territory on which the river system of this famous river stretches is called the Amazon. A huge number of different types of plants grow in these places, and many animals live. The species diversity of the flora and fauna of the Amazon is so great that it is beyond counting! According to scientists, there are more than 1300 species of flowers, about 650 species of trees, and more than 500 vertebrates (most of which are birds) in a 3 by 3 km square of forest. And this is in such a small area! If we consider the entire Amazon as a whole, then it is impossible to assert anything specific, because many animals and plants are simply unknown. The river itself is also home to a huge number of aquatic animals. Of these, only fish are about 2 thousand species, many of which are very rare. And other types of fish, on the contrary, are very common, due to which they are caught in huge quantities, providing food for many people. The Amazon River is of great importance not only for the people of South America, but for the whole world. Indeed, thanks to her, an incredible number of living organisms found their home in the humid tropical forests near the reservoir. Because of this, the Amazon is considered the world's genetic background. Well, the river itself is ranked as one of the wonders of the world.